WHAT ARE COOKIES?
Cookies are small text files that are sent from the website to the terminal of the party concerned (usually the browser), where they are stored before being referred back to the website upon the same user’s next visit. A cookie cannot retrieve any other data from the user’s hard drive, pass on computer viruses, or capture email addresses. Each cookie is unique to the user’s web browser. Some of the cookie functions can be applied to other technologies. In this document, the term ‘cookie’ both refers to cookies, strictly speaking, and all similar technologies.
TYPES OF COOKIES
There can be first- or third-party cookies; “first-party” cookies refer to cookies set by the domain name of a website, while “third-party” cookies refer to cookies related to external domains. Third-party cookies are necessarily installed by an external party, always referred to as a “third party” that is not managed by the site. Such parties may also install first-party cookies by saving their cookies on the domain name of a website. Another type of cookie is the so-called “Flash Cookie” (Local Shared Objects) used within Adobe Flash Player to deliver some content, such as video clips or animations, so as to remember settings and preferences. Flash cookies are stored on the device but managed through a different interface than the one provided by the browser in use. Cookie Duration: Cookies duration is defined by the expiration date (or a specific action such as browser closure) set up at the time of installation. Type of cookies are:
- Temporary or session cookies, which are used to store temporary information; they allow you to connect all your actions during a specific session and are removed from the computer when your browser get closed;
- Permanent (persistent cookies), which are used to store information, such as username and password, so as the user doesn’t have to enter them again each time they visit a specific site. These are stored on your computer after your browser get closed.